Quinoa health benefits have the five guaranteed nutrition that your body needs. If you are looking for an alternative to carbohydrates and protein, you need to try quinoa. Quinoa carbs are gluten-free with high fiber.
Quinoa health benefits are the same as a whole grain food. However, it does not belong to grass or even related to wheat or rice. It has more relation to the spinach.
The first use of wild quinoa comes from the leaves and seeds. After the development and commercialization, quinoa increases the size of stem and seeds with additional levels of color.
THE ORIGIN OF QUINOA HEALTH BENEFITS
Quinoa origin has a long way history in 3,000 to 5,000 years BCE. The first discovery of quinoa recorded in the side of Lake Titicaca in Peru. Because of being an Andean plant, pre-Columbian civilizations found it. They have cultivated and used by the former.
But later on, Spanish cereals replaced quinoa. Other than in Peru, you can find quinoa in Chile. When the Spanish arrived in Peru, the research and development of quinoa began. From then on, the distribution reached outside Inca territory.
According to historical data, Pedro de Valdivia is the first Spaniards to cultivate quinoa and labeled it as food. Other native Indians at that time began to sow quinoa as a source of their food.
CHARACTERISTICS OF QUINOA
The ecological zones that can adapt quinoa plantation have come up with five groups. These five groups are the classification of quinoa-based on their adaptability.
Dry and Humid Valley Quinoas
Also known as Junín or dry valley, the quinoas grow here with irrigation support. In Cajamarca or humid valley, the water source of quinoa comes from rain. Therefore, it grows up to three meters, higher than the Junín quinoas.
A produce variety in Peru, Nariño, is a type of quinoa with many branches, green leaves, and the grains come in white color and taste sweet.
Altiplano quinoas include varieties in low precipitation and average temperatures. Some examples of this variety known as Kcancolla, Blanca de Juli, and Tahuaco. These varieties grow around the lake areas.
There also other types of quinoa that can adapt to high elevation areas. You can have Cheweca, Ccoitu, Witulla, Chullpi, and Wariponcho, which you can cultivate in the mountainous with cold temperatures.